Monday, October 5, 2009

Atomic veterans' stories in the newspaper and other media sources

Story:
  1. one soldier's story 1953
  2. Atomic Veterans' Family comments
  3. Did the Government Let Its Veterans Die by Thomas D. Segel, 12-8-2005
  4. Never forget the lessons of Yesterday for the sake of tomorrow By Vincent Guarisco, 2-24-2009
  5. Listen to Joel Healy, US soldier who saw over 20 explosions in 1957, StoryCorps, 6-26-2015
Video:
  1. Doctor Gaskin's story as Army cook
  2. Experimental animals by International Alliance Of Atomic Veterans
  3. Vince Van Sickle' story
  4. Atomic Veterans by Charles Clark and congressman Neil Abercrombie 2009
  5. Folding Paper Cranes of Leonard "Red" Bird, 2005
  6. Atomic Mom by M.T. Silvia, 2009
Media:
  1. Local atomic soldiers honored By ROY GRABER, 10-1-2009
  2. Atomic Veterans' struggle for recognition continues, despite some successes, Belinda Larsen 6-19-09
  3. Nuclear blasts toll lingers for one man "Darrell Robertson" 6-11-2009
  4. There were four beautiful mushroom clouds a week. Telegraph 2006
  5. August 31, 1957 44-kiloton atomic bomb, code name Smoky, exposed 3,224 soldiers to radiation.
  6. Atomic Veteran slowly gets recognition in Canada 2009
  7. The shared sins of Soviet and U.S. nuclear testing by Hugh Gusterson 2009
  8. Kansas Road Sign Honor's Nation's Atomic Vets 2009
  9. Atomic vet recalls 1946 bomb test, Atomic veterans still keep secrets, Knoxville News, Sept. 2008 
  10. Memories of blast giver Brower concern for future, Joe Miller 2007
  11. 'What the hell is this thing?' by Dave Pugliese , The Ottawa Citizen, 11-08-2007
  12.  Atomic soldier Ray Buell's story By Laura Tode 2003
Commanding officers told them not to worry about the readings from the badges -- that anything under 500 milliroentgens an hour wouldn't pose a risk. But when Buell and the other soldiers took a closer look at the units they realized that 500 was the maximum reading possible, that the Film Badges couldn't have measured anything outside of what the Army called safe.
   13.  Segment 3 (Atomic Soldiers)

   14. Russ Dann and the book the Atomic Soldiers 1999

   15. Vet's Site Chronicles Deadly 'Atomic Duty' by Steve Silberman 1997

   16. Ill veterans who had radiation exposure now caught in bureaucratic web by Mark Reutter 4-3-96

   17. Legal Fallout LA Times, Aug. 1, 1994

   18. Atomic Veterans Group Criticizes VA Handling of Medical Claims Toledo Blade, Feb 8, 1982

Book:
  1. Atomic Soldier, American Victims of Nuclear Experiments by Howard L. Rosenberg 1980 
  2. Fallout: An American Nuclear Tragedy by Philip L. Fradkin 1989
  3.  Under the cloud: the decades of nuclear testing by Richard Lee Miller 1986 (republished 1991)
  4. Bombs in the backyard: atomic testing and American politics By A. Costandina Titus 1986
  5. Atomic vets battle time. (veterans exposed to atomic radiation in experiments), Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists by Mary Manning Jan 1995
  6. Killing our Own The Disaster of America's Experience with Atomic Radiation by Harvey Wasserman & Norman Solomon 1982 
  7. The Doomsday Scencario by L. Douglas Keeney 2002 
  8. Mortality of Veteran Participants in the Crossroads nuclear test 1996, Operation Crossroad (1946)
40,000 US navy personnel participated.
From then until the test ban treaty in 1963, the Department of Defense and earlier agencies conducted 235 nuclear detonations, involving at least 210,000 military participants—dubbed atomic veterans—in 19 test series
   9. Metal of Dishonor, National Security' Kept Atomic Veterans' Suffering a Secret (excerpt)
Of the hundreds of thousands of Atomic Veterans exposed to radiation by the military, at most 455 have received compensation.

Pat Broudy: This article will cover the uses of depleted uranium before and during the Gulf War, the exposures of military and civilian personnel and the resultant coverup of the records of the "Atomic Veterans" exposed to ionizing radiation during the Cold War, as well as the expectation of the same treatment of the Gulf War veterans.

Separation of the slow-neutron-fissionable uranium 235 (U-235) isotope from the major isotope, uranium 238 (U-238), was necessary to build the uranium bomb detonated over Hiroshima, Japan, and other gun-type uranium weapons. Natural uranium is almost 99.3 percent U-238 and only about 0.7 percent U-235. To obtain a few kilograms of U-235 leaves more than a ton of U-238 and remaining U-235 waste.

DU-waste removal discussed 1957: What to do with about a billion pounds of DU waste was discussed in meetings as early as 1957. One of the earliest uses of DU was as a substitute for U-235 in the test firings of the Hiroshima gun-type weapons at Los Alamos, New Mexico, in 1945.

A more important early use was as the "tamping" material between the high explosives and plutonium core of implosion bombs, such as the first Fat Man bomb design used at Alamogordo, New Mexico; Nagasaki, Japan; and twice at Operation CROSSROADS. A large mass of U-238 acted both to hold the core together until it could fission more efficiently and to reflect neutrons back into the core for more fissions. The plutonium core of Fat Man was only the size of a grapefruit, but the U-238 tamper and explosive lens surrounding it increased the bomb diameter to five feet.

In addition, about 20 percent of the Fat Man TNT-equivalent explosive yield of twenty-one thousand tons was from fast-neutron fission of U-238, because large quantities of fast neutrons are produced in a fission explosion.

This capability of U-238 to fast fission led to its use in thermonuclear bombs to create more explosive yield. The reaction became fission of a small trigger fission bomb to create the heat and pressure for fusion of hydrogen-containing components, then fission of U-238 by fast neutrons produced in copious amounts by both the fission trigger and fusion reaction.

A negative aspect was production of large amounts of fission products in the fission-fusion-fission reaction from the large amount of DU employed to enhance total explosive yield significantly compared to the large fusion yield. This greatly increased fission product inventory was essentially the opposite of the "clean bomb" development intent.

Resultant heavy fallout from tests such as Shot Bravo, during 1954 in the Pacific, caused beta burns and overexposure of Japanese working on the "Lucky Dragon" fishing boat, Americans on Navy ships caught in the fallout, Marshall Islanders exposed on Rongelap Island, as well as American military personnel on Rongerik Island.

Besides nuclear bomb munitions, other military uses were found for DU. Armor-piercing shells made of DU or with DU claddings were developed as well as hardening of armor with DU cladding. Burn tests of DU munitions alone, as well as DU munitions in shipping containers, in lightly armored Bradley fighting vehicles, and turrets and hulls of Abrams tanks, were conducted at the Nevada Test Site to determine hazards. These uses were prevalent in the Gulf War, the cause of "friendly fire" deaths and injuries.
10. Invisible Enemies of Atomic Veterans by John D. Bankston
as a young Marine served proudly for six and one half years in the USMC, serving twice in the 2nd Marine Division and once in the First Marine Division. He served two years during WWII in the South Pacific and in the Occupation of Japan in the cities of Nagasaki, Sasebo, and Fukuoka during the first 2nd Marine Division tour of duty. During his tenure with the First Marine Division he served on the island of Guam in the South Pacific and as a China Marine; in his third tour of duty he served with the 2nd Marine Division for the second time during the Korean Era.

PREFACE: After suffering with indescribable horrifying health conditions from exposure to ionizing radiation for 57 years, I was driven to expose the effects of this illness and to show what a total displeasure it has been to go through life while suffering by degrees from such a horrible sickness. And because America's Atomic War Veterans in general have been living with ionized radiation exposure, some of which are suffering more than others and because many thousands gave their lives to Atomic radiation, I decided to share my personal experience in the form of a book.

The bulk of the text of this book is committed to memory and recalling conversations with comrades that I served with in World War II and afterward. Some additional knowledge that I gained was from various sources of information showing the dangers of being exposed to radiation and other chemicals. The history of the Second Marine Division and the battles they fought are portrayed in historical archives, and Second Marine Division books.

Primarily, it is my desire to express how discomforting life can be when exposed to deadly chemicals and the hardships brought upon the families of those who suffer from this exposure. Additionally, this is being written to show that most of us served willingly when called upon to protect our country, performing our assigned tasks with pride and honor, only to be forsaken by our own government who foolishly ignored our pleas for help when we were suffering from Atomic fallout. We at that time were not aware of our invisible enemies.

Atomic Veterans are the ones referred to as the ones that glow in the dark and we are the ones who seek no special favor-simply justice. We are the ones who received little or nothing for our injuries and sacrifices while serving our country. A scant few received very little for horrid infirmities inflicted voluntarily by our invisible enemies. Our invisible enemies put us in an inhumane category with obvious approval by the White House and other high level Governmental bodies working against all principles of civilization, casting their devious immoralities on America's military. It cannot be overstated that it is time for these wrongs to be righted with acknowledgements and compensation for our suffering every second of our lives without justification. Also, there is a need for special legislation to prevent these atrocious acts from ever happening again. Every person who had any responsibilities or assisted in any way in keeping secret the dangers of ionizing radiation from Atomic Veterans should be made accountable publicly. By not exposing those responsible will further erode confidence in our Government and our leaders. It cannot be argued against that to have a strong nation the public must be informed.

I sincerely wish it to be understood that I still love my nation as strongly as always. However, I highly disagree with some of the foolish decisions interjected by the shortsighted disingenuous American leaders who approved researchers' requests for human torture in the testing of what the long term effect radiation exposure would have on those who were exposed.

EPILOGUE: Wars not only cause physical damage to humans and structural loss, but they are destructive environmentally to all natural resources from the outer regions of the Universe down to the infauna that burrow in the substrates of the ocean's floor. I fully understand wars are necessary when your sovereignty is in jeopardy or your homeland is attacked without provocation. The masses are the ones who contribute most in sacrificing for the world-shaking inane leaders who are always embellished with elaborative additions in time of peace and war. When nations are gifted with intelligent leaders they find an alternative to those devastating and ruinous wars if at all possible. The world was created for all species to have independent existence. Ravishing wars are disruptive to families of the innocent. President Franklin Roosevelt once said war begets war.

Preparation for war is exhausting, expensive and arduously severe, switching many of a country's resources and manufacturing for normalcy into fighting equipment for the military causing displacement of need and discomfort of all others, which results in nothing but waste. This includes causing a separation of family and friends.

Injuries and early deaths are inevitable in all wars. The infirmities we incurred from the atomic fallout were never given attention. To my knowledge the Atomic Veterans of WWII are the largest group to suffer invisible wounds after making intolerable sacrifices for their country only to be left stranded without any attempt to be rescued. During our initial extensive training we were taught that it is a Cardinal sin to leave a comrade stranded without exhausting every ounce of energy and all known sources in attempting his or her rescue. Atomic Veterans are contributing heavily to the more than one thousand deaths each day in conjunction with WWII Veterans. A dire need for complete restitution and justice for Atomic Veterans has been overdue for almost 58 years. The atomic legacy must continue until complete justice is served.

After almost 58 years of suffering from exposure to ionizing radiation I have never heard an Atomic Veteran speak anything but good about his country. It is the leaders of the land we are discontented with by letting our families suffer along with us. Another horrifying fact is that many of us suffering from Atomic radiation fallout have genetically transferred this wicked disease to our offspring and the horror of it was compounded by the iniquitous act by our Government who allowed the deep dark secret regarding radiation exposure to be kept from us.

NO AMOUNT OF RADIATION IS SAFE.

Tuesday, September 29, 2009

Military records (Army & Air Force) destroyed in 1973 by fire

Why is it so hard to track down the names of the soldiers who were at Camp Desert Rock?

Overland, Missouri: "On July 12, 1973, a disastrous fire at NPRC (MPR) destroyed approximately 16-18 million Official Military Personnel Files. The affected record collections are described below.
Branch.......Personnel....................................Estimated Loss
Army.........Personnel discharged 11-1-1912, to 1-1-1960..80%
Air Force....Personnel discharged 9-25-1947 to 1-1-1964...75%
(with names alphabetically after Hubbard, James E.)

No duplicate copies of the records that were destroyed in the fire were maintained, nor was a microfilm copy ever produced. There were no indexes created prior to the fire. In addition, millions of documents had been lent to the Department of Veterans Affairs before the fire occurred. Therefore, a complete listing of the records that were lost is not available. Nevertheless, NPRC (MPR) uses many alternate sources in its efforts to reconstruct basic service information to respond to requests."

Studies: The National Personnel Records Center Fire: A Study in Disaster by Walter W. Stender & Evan Walker, October 1974

" * Some U.S. Army Reserve personnel who received final discharge as late as 1964
* Various U.S. Navy, United States Coast Guard, and U.S. Marine Corps records which were out of file and were caught in the section of the building which experienced the most damage in the fire.

The 1973 fire destroyed the entire 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center. Damage from the fire can still be seen today. In 1974, a massive reconstruction effort was begun to restore the service records which were destroyed in the 1973 fire. In most cases where a military record has been presumed destroyed, NPRC is able to reconstruct basic service information such as military date of entry, date of discharge, character of service, and final rank.

In recent years, some conspiracy theorists have accused the Federal Government of intentionally starting the 1973 National Archives Fire as a cover to destroy unwanted military files, erase certain records from the Second World War, or to reduce budget costs by destroying a floor of an under budgeted federal building. Certain Veteran Organizations have also stated that the 1973 Fire did not happen at all, and that the explanation of a fire destroying millions of military records is a lie conceived by the Federal Government to cut costs and avoid public requests for the older military files. The National Archives and Records Administration, however, continues to formally state that the 1973 National Archives Fire did, in fact, occur although the exact cause, to this day, remains unknown.
"

VA Shred's Evidence of Radiation Claimants 2003

Wikipedia sources of the Nuclear bombing series

wiki: Operation Dominic I and II 1962, 105 (Christmas Island & Nevada) explosions

wiki: Operation Plowshare 1961-1973, (NM, NV, CO) explosions

wiki: Operation Nougat 1961, 45 (Nevada) explosions

wiki: Operation Argus 1958, 3 (south Atlantic) explosions

wiki: Operation Hardtrack I & II 1958, 72 (35 Marshall Islands, Johnson Island (I) & 37 Nevada (II)) explosions

wiki: Operation Plumbbob 1957, 29 (Nevada) explosions
Shot SMOKY, A Test of the PLUMBBOB Series, 8-31-1957, Fact Sheet pdf version more information about Smoky test

wiki: Operation Redwing 1956, 17 (Marshall Islands) explosions

wiki: Operation Wigwam 5-14-55, 1 under water (Marshall Islands) explosion

wiki: Operation Teapot 1955, 14 (Nevada) explosions

wiki: Operation Castle 1954, 7 (Marshall Islands) explosions

wiki: Operation Upshot-Knothole 1953, 11 (Nevada) explosions,

wiki: Operation Ivy 1952, 8 (Marshall island) explosions (1st hydrogen bomb)

wiki: Operation Tumbler-Snapper 1952, 8 (Nevada) explosions (4 daytime, 4 nighttime drops), video, study Shots Easy, Fox, George, and How

wiki: Operation Buster-Jangle 1951, 7 (Nevada: 6 atm, 1 underground) explosions, more information, Lieutenant General Joseph May Swing, Commanding General, 6th US.Army 1951-54, General Mark Clark, Chief of the Army Field Forces, Major General William "Bill" B. Kean Jr. "More than 1,000 paratroopers and infantrymen - most of them attached to the 11th Airborne Division, Fort Campbell, Ky", Film Badge Dosimetry int Atmospheric Nuclear Test, studies, video

wiki: Operation Greenhouse 1951, 5 (Mujinkarikku Island) explosions

wiki: Operation Ranger 1951, 5 (Nevada) explosions

wiki: Operation Sandstone 1948, 3 (Marshall Islands) explosions

wiki: Operation Crossroads 1946, 2 (Marshall Islands) explosions

wiki: 2 (Japan) explosions: Little Boy 8-6-45, Fat Man 8-9-45, photos

wiki: Trinity test July 16, 1945 (New Mexico) Pu nuclear bomb

wiki: Atomic Energy Act of 1946 (McMahon Act), amended 1954, text, html

wiki: Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA) 10-15-90

Thursday, August 27, 2009

Thousand of American Soldiers lasting affects of the US atomic bomb.

My hopes in starting this site is give another collection of the soldiers' stories and the lasting effects on their bodies, their family, and genetic mutation after the USA dropped nuclear bombs a few miles from thousands of US soldiers at Camp Desert Rock (alias Area 22, Nevada Test site, Camp Mercury, [Operation Plumbbob, i.e. Shot Smoky]) Nevada in 1950s. Plus I hope to provide this as collection of resources available for research and my personal reflections upon the event and its legacy.

These veterans have remained silent because of the Atomic Secrets Act that was lifted 51 years later in 1996.

Websites about the Nuclear Testing:
  1. Atmospheric Nuclear Testing at the Nevada Test Site 
  2.  National Association of Atomic Veterans (Sageland, Houston, TX) history
  3. Military & Veterans: Politics for the deserving: National Association of Atomic Veterans
  4. Children of the Atomic Veterans
  5. Atomic Testing Museum, video
  6. Nuclear test database Johnston archive
  7. What You Always Wanted To Know About Nuclear Weapons But Were Afraid To Ask, Jeremy Bernstein 2009
  8. Toxic Agents: Atomic Radiation Exposure
  9. The Nuclear Vault: Resources from the National Security Archive's Nuclear Documentation Project
  10. The Atomic Heritage Foundation- Veterans History Project
  11. Nevada Test Site Oral History Project
    In December 1950, President Harry S. Truman approved the establishment of a continental nuclear proving ground 65 miles north of Las Vegas, Nevada. Between 1951 and 1992, 1021 nuclear detonations took place at the Nevada Test Site - one-hundred explosions were in the atmosphere and 921 were underground.
Movie-Video:
  1. The Atomic Cafe 1982
  2. Trinity and Beyond 1995, "331 Atmospheric nuclear test from 1945-1962 until JFK signed the Limited Test Ban Treaty"
  3. Youtube.com/nuclearvault
Photos:
  1. Nuclear explosions
  2. Camp Desert Rock closed in 1964
Studies:
  1. Cancer among Military Personnel Exposed to Nuclear Weapons.
  2.  The Five Series Study: Mortality of Military Participants in U.S. Nuclear Weapons Tests 2000
  3. Timeline of radiation in the 1950-1960s
  4. Effects of Nuclear Testing
  5. Veterans' Advisory Board for Dose Reconstruction
  6. Department of Energy report on nuclear tests from July 16, 1945 to 1992
  7. Indeterminism and the contrastive theory of explanation by Petri Ylikoski, pg 6, discusses radiation, leukemia, Smoky)
  8. Analysis of Radiation Exposure for Task Force WARRIOR-Shot SMOKY-Exercise Desert Rock, VII-VIII Operation Plumbbob 1979
  9. Mortality and Cancer Frequency Among Military Nuclear Test (Smoky) Participants-Reply by Caldwell et al, JAMA 1984; 627
    We agree that leukemia appears with a latent period between two and 20 years and that the latent period for solid cancers probably exceeds 15 years from the time of radiation exposure. Although we reported a statistically significant increase in the occurrence of leukemia in the Smoky participants, the latent period exceeds 15 years for 63.6% of the cases, as shown in the Table.
book:
  1. Exposure to radiation
  2. Exercise Desert Rock VII and VIII
  3. The Atomic Frontier: Atmospheric Testing in Nevada, The Two Sides By Julie Etchegaray
  4. Atomic Midnight by Ken Nightingale
  5. Film Badge Dosimetry in Atmospheric Nuclear Tests
Pro bomb propaganda: "I'm not Afraid of the A-Bomb" By Captain Richard P. Taffe 1-26-52